Harmonium and Nettles Comparison by manish seeruthun on Prezi
The family did not have enough money for either John or Steven to complete a degree program. Influences on Wallace Stevens' Harmonium Poetry are representational of Stevens' prescribed view on the relationship. Harmonium (poetry collection) First edition Harmonium is a book of poetry by Meaning or semantics is fundamentally about word-world relationships, which are The family wrote voluminous letters to one another throughout their lives, . Harmonium Simon Armitage Marsden in West Yorkshire is Armitage's His family was very musical, and Armitage was a choirboy in Armitage's personal relationship with his father is a recurring reference in his poetry.
He also finally meets his future wife Elsie and courts her for five years before marrying her. She was, however, beautiful, her visage gracing for many years American dimes and half dollars.
Art had burst into the 20th century America with the Armory Show, exhibiting over works of art, by artists, some of whom would become world famous. Stevens took it all in. He was now launched in what would become the most important venue for modernist poets, like Eliot, Pound, Crane, Moore and Williams.
A woman lounging on Sunday in a dressing gown. With this poem, Stevens is launched as an important American poet. Harriet Munroe realized this, and she rarely refused a poem by Stevens.
She would sometimes advocate changes and shortenings in his submissons, but she understood the importance of this modernist poet. The book sold about one hundred copies, and was remaindered. Hart Crane was bowled over by Stevens, saying there was no one like him. William Carlos Williams quickly saw his genius. Some would say that the thing itself reality is enough.
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But Stevens would question this, it is what is imagined that moves him, spurs him to write poems. And what is found? InHarvard offered him the Charles Eliot Norton chair, but he had to refuse it. His publisher Knopf had great respect for him and remained his main publisher. He worked in insurance till his death, and for many years ran his own department. He walked to and from work and many of his poems were composed in his mind during this walking.
He remained a faithful husband to his wife Elsie, stood by her even when she descended into mental illness.
He was a good father to his daughter Holly, and he loved to pieces his grandson. He was no saint.
Mariani vividly describes the meeting of Stevens and Hemingway in Key West. Stevens started the fight, and Hemingway twice knocked him down.
The OWL at Wallington: GCSE Poetry
Stevens was drunk and much older than the novelist, but the following day he was a gentleman and apologized to him and asked him not to tell anyone about the brawl. Stevens could be icy, known to cut relatives, walking by them on the street and not saying a word. But the brother he cut, when he became ill, Stevens wrote out a monthly check to help him and his family, and he continued the check even after his brother died.
He argued with people, with Robert Frost. Again he was drinking. Stevens liked his booze.
He liked it when he was an undergrad at Harvard, and he liked it right into old age. It never became a serious problem, but it tells us something: Inhibitions out the window. Surely the next day, masks were back on, and he was again the insurance vice-president, a Hartford gentleman, and a respected, great poet. He corresponded with a Catholic nun, Sister Beretta. So what did he believe in? Well, I think we should turn to a poem that I never understood until Paul Mariani explained it in a class he taught almost thirty years ago.
Here is the poem. Final Soliloquy of the Interior Paramour Light the first light of evening, as in a room In which we rest and, for small reason, think The world imagined is the ultimate good.
Wallace Stevens' Harmonium - Collaborative Essays and Articles - Geneseo Wiki
This is, therefore, the intensest rendezvous. It is in that thought that we collect ourselves, Out of all the indifferences, into one thing: Within a single thing, a single shawl Wrapped tightly round us, since we are poor, a warmth, A light, a power, the miraculous influence. Here, now, we forget each other and ourselves. We feel the obscurity of an order, a whole, A knowledge, that which arranged the rendezvous. An excellent example of this from Harmonium is the poem "Gubbinal".
The poem reflects that the world appears according to how it is perceived individually. The speaker in "Gubbinal" addresses another person who thinks the world is ugly and unhappy, reminding them of beautiful and intriguing things. The multiple perceptions of reality, shifts of tone and odd vocabulary, including this poems title, are representational of Stevens' prescribed view on the relationship between reality and imagination on the individual level.
Riddell observes, "[Stevens] was fully conscious of the Agrarians' concern for disappearing values, and he embraces, as is evident in Harmonium, their desire to revive the spiritual source of order in a defined and coherent world, though his particular concern is articulated in a militant romanticism " Stevens reflected romanticism most closely by rebelling against the expected feelings of a poet writing after a World War, rejecting social criticism for an emphasis on imaginative possibility.
As a "mandarin connoisseur of chaos aloof from the events of his time, " Stevens remained detached. Seemingly untouched by the aftermath of war, Stevens created in his poetry a "supreme fiction," a vision of reality that depends on the individual and strength of imagination. This resonates in his poetic philosophy through his tendency to discuss things objectively, rather than projecting his own ideas onto the reader. Stevens and Modern Art About 10 years before Harmonium was published, Wallace Stevens and others of his literary circle came face to face with an event that would introduce modernism to the arts.
The Armory Show initiated avante garde forms of art, and "served as a catalyst for American artists, who became more independent and created their own artistic language. You will rarely find Stevens pressing one perspective on his readers; more or less he favors the idea that there are numerous ways to perceive things.
Another interesting idea investigated by Socha is the seemingly trivial combinations of colors like green and blue. He explains, "unnatural" combinations and juxtapositions of color, and the capturing of movement within a static medium are important"; they reflect the new ways that the world can be viewed through modernism. Comparisons with Modern Painting One telltale indicator of modern art involves the enhanced visibility of the artist. The way modern art calls attention to its creator's imaginative role can be directly compared to Wallace Stevens literary art.
Within his poetry of Harmonium he invents alternate realities, reflecting real life itself from different perspectives. As a modern artist Stevens once said, "What our eyes behold may well be the text of life but one's meditations on the text and the disclosures of these meditations are no less a part of the structure of reality.
Take the examples given in by Socha in his article. There is an undeniable connection between Stevens' poem " Sunday Morning " and Edouard Manet's Woman with Parrot oil on canvas painting. Both focus on women who seem to be poised in thought, seemingly in a trance somewhere between reality and the imagination, indulging in a delicate orange next to an exotic bird.
Both forms of art are unclear, changed by the artist so the subjects are viewed or understood by the audience differently. Socha observes brilliantly about the separate pieces, "reality gets imaginatively reworked by a single ordering consciousness to create a new vision, wholly one's own, but no le ss real or recognizable.
Mockery, Melancholia, and the Pathetic FallacyStevens' focus on imagination is compensation "both for the disappearance of the gods and for the loss of a non-violent reality" The Great War brought about death in greater numbers and with more powerful weapons than mankind had seen in previous wars. It was obvious new technology was inclined towards destruction instead of altruism.
From this conclusion sprouted a yearning for the kinder past, and Wallace's tendency toward elegiac notions. Despite obvious elegiac intentions, "Stevens represents himself as an anti-elegist" in several well-known Harmonium works Ramazani, The lack of sorrow and rediculous literary literary wordplay "In kitchen cups concupiscent curds" Stevens, 64 emphasize Wallace Stevens' satire of religious burial rituals.
The elegiac and anti-elegiac themes, while they seem at odds, both create suitable responses to the disasters of the Great War - one wishes for idyllic days of yore, while the other admonishes the public for thinking humanity could ever become civilized.