Acts Proof of weekly communion on Sunday
Gullible as they were, they would easily get carried away by the promises made every week end, then he would start commuting from Teerthahalli everyday, and the Chief Pontiff of Sringeri Peetha of Adi Shankaracharya, a realised soul. of Buddha, Shankaracharya, * and many other Yogi-Christs had blessed the soil. "You will come to me in four weeks." For the first time, Sri Yukteswar's voice was stern. "Now that I The next time we meet, you shall have to reawaken my interest. I won't The text, known as Panchapadika, is studied by scholars to this day. "And on the first day of the week, when we were gathered together to break bread " "Therefore when you meet together, it is not to eat the Lord's Supper, for in.
He remembered his problem to participate in the World parliament of religion due to lack of any credential.
He had also seen how well Christian Missionaries have established institutions through which they are able to Influence people. Therefore on his return, the first job he had taken up was the establishment of Ramakrishna Mission and Math at Belur. For more information about his institution building see the Chapter on: Second visit to the West: His second visit to the West was inalong with his brother disciple Swami Turiyananda and Sister Nivedita.
His purpose of visit was to install Swami Turiyananda in Sanfrancisco, Californiawhere he had already established a Vedanta Center, and he wanted to reinforce the two centers established in New York and at Green peace. By the time he returned, he was not in good health. He started distancing himself from all the activities of the Mission. While at Srinagar, he went to this temple, and was disgusted looking at the dilapidated condition of the temple which was damaged by the fanatic Muslims.
After this unexpected incidence, one could see the kind of disenchantment in the later part of his life. This can be made out from the extract of his letter written to Miss Macleod around this time.
Whether this body will fall and release me or I enter into freedom in the body, the old man has gone, gone forever, never to come back again! Behind my work was ambition, behind my love was personality, behind my purity was fear. Now they are all vanishing and I drift. Vivekananda was not only a great teacher, a great saint patriot, and an inspirer of people down to the present generation.
His mortal body has gone, but he will always remain alive in the heart of people. He dedicated his life to his Master, Ramkrishna. His mission was spiritual combined with effort to revitalize the society. Shankaracharya promised to his mother that he will meet him at the time of his death. After her passing away, he wanted to perform last rites. But the neighbors strongly opposed him. Without any help from the neighbors, he alone performed her last rites and thus he kept his words.
Similar was the love of Vivekananda for his mother. He loved his mother very much. On return from the West, he had taken his mother for a pilgrimage to some of the notable places in Bengal and Assam. Besides, he tried to arrange financial help through some of his contacts. But he was not very successful. He very much dependent on Ajit Singh, Raja of Khetri, who initially helped her, but within a short period he met with an accident and passed away.
This shows, even after accepting monastic life he tried to do his best to help his mother but his mother continued to live under financial distress. Rejuvenation of Hindu religion or Santana Dharma: What is Advaita Vedanta?
Advaita Vedanta is the one which that deals with the identity of the jiva and Brhaman. In this respect, Ramakrishna explained all the three Vedantic- philosophy with a very simple example quoting a conversation between Rama and Hanuman: Hanuman replied in the following lines: Sometimes, I see you as my Master and I am your servant.
Dvaita Vedanta Sometimes, I see myself as part of you. Vishishta-Advaita, propounded by Ramanujam Sometimes, I see you and me as one and the same. Advaita Vedanta During the eighth century, under the influence of Buddhism and Jainism, and numerous other Hindu sects, Hinduism was on the decline.
Hinduism was divided into innumerable sects, each quarrelling with the others. Besides, there were numerous theistic sects.Adi SHanKaraCHaryA in KASHiii
There were also those who rejected the Vedas, like the Charvakas. During this period Tantrik cult was adopted by several Buddhist sects, and in turn they too attracted many Hindus in their fold. Due to the influence of Buddha religion, the prominent temples in Gaya, Ayodha, Kamykha Kamrup and Pashupatinath in Nepal, were practically closed, and there was no more regular worship of the Idols.
Shankara re-instated the deities in these temples, removed many religious and social superstitions, and formulated the essentials of formal worship, which is even followed to day. Shankara held discourses and debates with the leading scholars of all these sects and schools of philosophy to controvert their doctrines. In his works, Shankara stressed the importance of the Vedas, and his efforts helped Hinduism regain strength and popularity.
He reintroduced a purer form of Vedic thoughts. Shankara, followed by Madhava and Ramanuja, was instrumental in the revival of Hinduism. These three teachers formed the doctrines that are followed by their respective sects even today. However, by the nineteenth century, India was first ruled by the Islamic rulers followed by the British, and as a result a substantial number of Hindus were converted to Islam and Christian religions.
Kanchi shankaracharya: The Rediff Interview
Leaving aside conversion, the base of Hindu religion was weakened due to caste system. The upper castes and priests exploited the lower caste. Moreover, a large percentage of lower caste people were treated as untouchable. That apart, there was infighting among various sects of Hindus, such as Vaishnavas, Saivas, Tantrik etc.
The rituals and dogmatism were prevalent in the society. All these had weakened the base of Hinduism.
Early Christians always met on the First day (Sunday) and never kept the sabbath!
To break away from this caste-ridden, superstitious and divisive society, Raja Ramomohan Roy introduced a new sect known as Brhamo Samaj, following path of original Vedic teachings. The Brahmos were against caste system and idol worship.
This had influenced the educated classes in Bengal. This new approach to the religion had gradually attracted people and in due course there were increasing number of followers of Ramkrishna. Though Shankara as well as Swami Vivekananda travelled through the length and breadth of the country, Swami Vivekananda was the first Monk to visit Western countries, to spread the message of Vedanta and to remove misconception about Hindu religion. He was also the first Monk to establish Vedanta centers in the Western countries and could influence a large number of intellectual, and people from high society which helped him to receive donation from them to establish first Ramakrishna Math and Mission at Belur Kolkata.
Buddha was the pioneer to build religious Institution, to spread His message to the people. This considerably helped to establish Buddhist religion in India as well as in other countries.
After him, it was Adi Shankara who established four Maths and Dashnami Sampradayas solely to spread the message of the Vedanta and to revive Sanatan Dharma in the face of the Buddhist influence. The Dashanami Sampradaya, a section of the Ekadandi monks under an umbrella grouping of ten names. Each math was headed by one of his four main disciples, where each continues the Vedanta Sampradaya. All these Maths are independent in their belief and practices.
Besides, the advaita sampradaya is not a Saiva sect, despite the historical links with Saivaism. In this respect he had written a letter from Chicago on March 19, to one of his brother disciples in India, a part of it is reproduced here: Therefore, the foremost need of the hour is to remove hunger, upgrade people to lead a moderate life, before teaching them about religion.
He realized that there are needs to build institutions also to attract youths to carry forward his message. The role of Math was limited to spiritual activities. But the Mission was designated to offer services to the people, such as relief work, establishment of dispensaries and hospitals for medical aid, schools and colleges for education.
He felt that the India cannot progress unless women are educated. He was very much interested in setting up Monastery for women too. But during his life time he could not do that. Ramakrishna Math was consecrated later at Belur on the bank of river Ganga. The Belur Math is the headquarter of all the Maths, and Missions along with their sub-centers totaling around 70 numbers in India, and around 50 numbers in Asia, and Western countries.
Swamiji firmly believed such centers should be near the locality to serve as a role model to the house holders and also to attract youths to join the mission. This center is located in a very isolated place, exclusively for spiritual retreat.
You are destined to die one day or the other. His powerful statements had great impact, on the youths, particularly amongst the freedom fighters, and several of them later joined Ramkrishna Mission.
- The Life & Times of Adi Shankaracharya
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He was very much interested in establish Universal religion or Sanatana Dharma, to stop infighting between different sects and religion.
The Ideal of Universal Religion: Do this either by work or worship or psychic Control or philosophy- by one or more Or all of these- and be free. This is the whole of religion. Doctrines or dogmas Or rituals or books or temples are but Secondary details. In this respect, first publication was made from Chennai math, monthly. Subsequently, all these journals along with many other journals in English as well as in other vernacular languages are published these days, having a wide circulation.
Shankarcharya was a great composer of Verses and Bhashyas. His Bhashyas and commentaries on the Prasthana —traya three fundamental scriptures — Upanishad, Brhmasutra and Bhagbat Gita are the basis of Hinduism.
Shankara composed several verses which are very popular amongst the spiritual seekers and devotees. Here we quote few verses from two of his well- known books: Renounce, O fool, your ceaseless thirst For hoarding gold and precious gems; Through deeds performed in earlier lives; Devote your mind to righteousness And dispassion be your law. For what greater fool can there be than The man who has obtained this rare human birth Together with bodily and mental strength and yet Fails, through delusion, to realize his own highest good?
The scriptures declares that immortality cannot Be gained through work or progeny or riches, but by renunciation alone. Hence it is clear that work cannot bring us liberation. Swami Vivkanannda has composed 50 numbers of songs, poetries, and Sanskrit verses. Barring songs and verses, most of the poems were written by the Swami in English language. In his pre-monastic days, he had written a book along with another musician on Classical Music.
He was himself a great singer. He always delivered lectures extemporary, but thanks to the free service of J. The influence of his teachings turned two of his disciples to monks, and five of them to Brhamacharya life.
Some of his sayings on Karma Yoga arecited below. Let him work, let him fight; let him strike straight from the shoulder. By means of constant effort to do good to others we are trying to forget ourselves; this forgetfulness of self is the great lesson we have to learn in life. There are only two ways out of it. One is to give up all concern about the machine, to let it go and stand aside — to give up our desires.
That is very easy to say, but almost impossible to do. The other way is to plunge into the world and learn the secret of work. Do not fly away from the wheel of the world machine, but stand inside it and learn the secret of work.
The Vedanta have defined Prana lifethe source of life in phenomenal world, as Spandan or vibration, which pervades entire cosmos Akasha. According to the Vedanta, Brahman evolves into Purusha Hiranyagarbha or golden egg and Prakriti which are at the root of entire creation of the phenomenal as also noumenal spiritual world.
This is done in memory of the death of Jesus Christ for our sins. Teaching and exhorting from the Word of God is done. Prayers and songs of praise are offered up to God. A contribution it taken for the poor and for the preaching of the gospel. Jesus Christ, our Lord and Saviour, arose from the dead on he first day of the week: The resurrection of Christ is very important to Christians. It proves beyond all doubt that Jesus Christ is indeed the Son of God. It also gives us the assurance that we too will be raised to life again see I Corinthians The Holy Spirit came upon the apostles upon the first day of the week: And suddenly there came from heaven a sound as of the rushing of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.
And there appeared unto them tongues parting asunder, like as of fire; and it sat upon each one of them. Since the Sabbath was Saturday, the seventh day of the week, the day after the Sabbath would be Sunday, the first day of the week Exodus On that day, they preached the gospel.
Men heardbelieved, repentedand were baptized for the remission of sins. They were added by the Lord to His church, which is the church of Christ Acts 2: Thus, the church had its beginning on Sunday, the first day of the week.
Paul was in a hurry to get to Jerusalem Acts But in spite of that, when he came to Troas, he stayed seven days Acts Without doubt, he was waiting for the first day of the week so he could worship with the church. This is misleading, dishonest, and wrong! It is on this day that Christians are commanded to give for the work of the Lord: Christians must exhort one another not to forsake the assembly on the first day of the week Hebrews Jesus commanded His disciples: We must follow the New Testament pattern in order to be the true church today.
Theosophy teaches that he was born 2, years ago, specifically in B. As will be seen from the quotes which follow, H. Blavatsky and the Masters maintain that Shankaracharya was in a certain mysterious sense the first reincarnation of Gautama Buddha after that lifetime. Virtually all Hindus and all Buddhists deny such a claim, yet the Gupta Vidya — the Secret Doctrine — insists that it is so. Some overly intellectual and academically oriented Theosophists flippantly dismiss the B. We will show that there is actually far more evidence and support for the B.
But his original treatises, as there are reasons to suppose, have not yet fallen into the hands of the Philistines, for they are too jealously preserved in his maths monasteries, mathams. And there are still weightier reasons to believe that the priceless Bhashyas Commentaries on the esoteric doctrine of the Brahmins, by their greatest expounder, will remain for ages yet a dead letter to most of the Hindus, except the Smartava Brahmins.
This sect, founded by Shankaracharya, which is still very powerful in Southern India is now almost the only one to produce students who have preserved sufficient knowledge to comprehend the dead letter of the Bhashyas. On the other hand, there is no sect in that desperately exclusive caste of the Brahmins, more exclusive than is the Smartava; and the reticence of its followers to say what they may know of the Occult sciences and the esoteric doctrine, is only equalled by their pride and learning.
Yet the wisest Initiates came from their ranks, as also the greatest Yogis. Thence it follows that those persons who, like Confucius and Plato, belonged psychically, mentally and spiritually to the higher planes of evolution, were in our Fourth Round as the average man will be in the Fifth Round, whose mankind is destined to find itself, on this scale of Evolution, immensely higher than is our present humanity.
Similarly Gautama Buddha — Wisdom incarnate — was still higher and greater than all the men we have mentioned, who are called Fifth Rounders, while Buddha and Shankaracharya are termed Sixth Rounders, allegorically. Thus every difference between the two will be found one of form rather than of substance.
This is a separate line of study for one who devotes his special attention to the historical development of occultism. This point, however, does in no way detract from the value and importance of the fact that Shankaracharya throughout his works keeps wisely silent about the esoteric doctrine taught by Gautama Buddha.
He who studies and reads between the lines the Brahmasutra Bhashya of the former, will practically find for himself that Vedantic Adwaitism is identical with esoteric Buddhistic Arhatism. The synthetical process is one, for it deals only with eternal verities, the Abstract Truth, the noumenal. And these two philosophies are put forth together [i. As such, each is the complement of the other and neither can be said to be complete in itself.
It should be distinctly remembered here that the Adwaitee Doctrine does not date from Shankaracharya, nor does the Arhat Philosophy owe its origin to Gautama Buddha. They were but the latest expounders of these two systems which have existed from time immemorial as they must.
Some natures can better comprehend the truth from a subjective standpoint, while others must proceed from the objective. These two systems are therefore as old as Occultism itself, while the later phases of the Esoteric Doctrine are but another aspect of either of these two, the details being modified according to the comprehensive faculties of the people addressed, as also the other surrounding circumstances.
At least that was the understanding on which the name was permitted to be used. One can say that a particular form of Hinduism approaches the Occult Doctrine much nearer than any other; and that is all. We must say a few words more. Although the book of Mr Sinnett employs a Buddhistic phraseology, our correspondent must have noticed that The Theosophist almost invariably uses the Vedantic form of expression. Thus readers of the Theosophic literature will see that, although the two Faiths may use different phraseology, the ideas underlying the same are identical.